tower karst

tower karst
   , towerkarst, turmkarst
   1. A spectacular variety of karst landscape dominated by steep or vertical sided limestone towers each 30–300m high. By far the most extensive and best developed tower karst is the Guangxi province of southern China. Towers originate as residual cones and are then steepened by water table undercutting from surround alluviated plains. Tectonic uplift matched by karst erosion then increases tower heights, but if uplift exceeds surface lowering the towers are raised to hillside locations and the landscape is rejuvenated to form a new generation of dolines and cone karst. Many towers are riddled with relict caves at high levels, and with active caves through their bases [9].
   2. Karst topography characterized by isolated residual limestone hills displaying numerous shapes (e.g., cone shaped, steep-sided) separated by areas of alluvium or other detrital sand; towers are generally forest-covered hills, and many have flat tops. They may form as isolated hills or in groups.
   3. A type of karst topography, common in the tropics, in which the residual hills rise in steep-sided but flat-topped mounds (resembling towers) from intervening depressions or dolinas (sinkholes) [20].
   Synonyms: (French.) karst à tourelles, karst à tours; (German.) Turmkarst, Kegelkarst; (Italian.) carsismo con forme residuali a torre; (Spanish.) karst de torres; (Turkish.) kuleli karst.

A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. . 2002.

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  • tower karst —     a) A type of tropical karst topography characterized by isolated, steep sided, residual limestone hills or ridges with vertical or near vertical walls, and may be relatively flat topped; commonly surrounded by a flat alluvial plain or lagoons …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • Karst — Turmkarst Landschaft, Guilin (China) Pinnac …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • karst —    (Internationally used term, originally the German form of the Slavic word kras or krš, meaning a bleak waterless place; it is the German name for a district east of Trieste having such terrane.) A terrane, generally underlain by limestone or… …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • karst —    A kind of topography formed in limestone, gypsum, or other soluble rocks by dissolution, and that is characterized by closed depressions, sinkholes, caves, and underground drainage. Various types of karst can be recognized depending upon the… …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • karst cone —    A conically shaped residual hill in karst with a rounded top and relatively steep, convex (e.g., parabolic) side slopes, commonly in tropical climates.    Compare: karst tower, mogote.    SW & WW …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • karst tower —    An isolated, separate hill or ridge in a karst region consisting of an erosional remnant of limestone or other sedimentary rocks with vertical or near vertical, convex side slopes and commonly surrounded by an alluvial plain, lagoon, or deep… …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • kegel karst —    A general name used to describe several types of humid tropical karst landscapes characterized by numerous, closely spaced cone (cone karst), hemispherical (halbkugelkarst), or tower shaped (tower karst) hills with vertical or near vertical… …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • cone karst —    1. A karst landscape dominated by low conical (or hemispherical) hills that forms only in wet tropical climates. The type example is Gunung Sewu in Java. Individual hills are remarkably uniform, each some few hundred meters in diameter and… …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • cockpit karst —    (Jamaican.)    1. Term describing an area containing numerous scattered, yet closely spaced dolines; generally a tropical karst land form. The corresponding Yugoslav term may more accurately be translated as ‘pock marked’ karst.    2. Tropical …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • pinnacle karst —    1. Tropical karst characterized by vertical rock blades fretted sharped by dissolution. It is practically indistinguishable from arête karst and tsingi, and includes the varieties known as shilin. The Pinnacles in the Mulu karst of Saraway… …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

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